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Kathmandu And Bhaktapur – Exploring The Rich Heritage

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Kathmandu and Bhaktapur
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Kathmandu And Bhaktapur – Exploring The Rich Heritage


Kathmandu and Bhaktapur, two of the three main cities in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, are treasure troves of history, culture, and art. These cities have preserved their ancient traditions and architectural marvels, offering a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of Nepal. This guide provides an in-depth look into the key attractions, historical significance, cultural richness, and practical travel tips for exploring Kathmandu and Bhaktapur.

Kathmandu: The Heart of Nepal

Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, is a bustling metropolis that seamlessly blends the ancient with the modern. Known for its vibrant streets, historic temples, and rich cultural heritage, Kathmandu serves as a gateway to the Himalayas and a center of Nepali culture.

Historical Significance

Kathmandu has been a significant cultural and religious hub for centuries. It was part of the ancient Licchavi Kingdom in the 3rd to 9th centuries and later became the seat of the Malla dynasty, which ruled from the 12th to the 18th centuries. The city is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites that reflect its historical and religious importance.

Major Attractions

Kathmandu Durbar Square

Overview: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kathmandu Durbar Square is a complex of palaces, courtyards, and temples, showcasing Newari architecture.

Key Highlights: Hanuman Dhoka Palace, Kumari Ghar (home to the Living Goddess Kumari), Taleju Temple, and the statue of King Pratap Malla.

Swayambhunath Stupa (Monkey Temple)

Overview: One of the oldest religious sites in Nepal, Swayambhunath is a revered Buddhist stupa with panoramic views of the Kathmandu Valley.

Key Highlights: The central stupa, numerous shrines and temples, prayer wheels, and the resident monkeys.

Pashupatinath Temple

Overview: A sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, Pashupatinath is a major pilgrimage site for Hindus.

Key Highlights: The main temple complex, cremation ghats along the Bagmati River, and numerous smaller shrines and ashrams.

Boudhanath Stupa

Overview: One of the largest stupas in Nepal, Boudhanath is a major center for Tibetan Buddhism.

Key Highlights: The central stupa, monasteries surrounding the stupa, and the vibrant Tibetan community.


Overview: The tourist hub of Kathmandu, Thamel is known for its vibrant nightlife, shopping, and dining options.

Key Highlights: Souvenir shops, restaurants, bars, and live music venues.

Cultural Richness

Kathmandu is a melting pot of cultures, with a diverse population comprising various ethnic groups. Festivals such as Dashain, Tihar, and Holi are celebrated with great enthusiasm. The city is also known for its traditional music, dance, and art forms, which are integral to its cultural identity.

Bhaktapur: The City of Devotees

Bhaktapur, also known as Bhadgaon, is one of the three royal cities in the Kathmandu Valley. It is renowned for its well-preserved medieval architecture, rich cultural heritage, and traditional Newari lifestyle.

Historical Significance

Bhaktapur was founded in the 12th century by King Ananda Malla and served as the capital of Nepal during the Malla dynasty. The city’s strategic location along the ancient trade route between India and Tibet contributed to its prosperity and cultural development. Bhaktapur is famous for its artisans, pottery, and the historic Durbar Square.

Major Attractions

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Overview: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bhaktapur Durbar Square is an architectural marvel featuring palaces, temples, and courtyards.

Key Highlights: 55-Window Palace, Vatsala Temple, Nyatapola Temple, Bhairabnath Temple, and the Golden Gate.

Nyatapola Temple

Overview: The tallest pagoda-style temple in Nepal, Nyatapola is dedicated to the goddess Siddhi Lakshmi.

Key Highlights: The five-tiered structure, stone guardians, and intricate wood carvings.

Dattatreya Square

Overview: A historic square named after the Dattatreya Temple, dedicated to the Hindu trinity.

Key Highlights: Dattatreya Temple, Bhimsen Temple, and the Pujari Math Museum.

Taumadhi Square

Overview: Another important square in Bhaktapur, known for its lively atmosphere and traditional buildings.

Key Highlights: Nyatapola Temple and Bhairabnath Temple.

Pottery Square

Overview: A unique area where traditional pottery making is still practiced.

Key Highlights: Pottery workshops, kilns, and stalls selling handmade pottery items.

Cultural Richness

Bhaktapur is predominantly inhabited by the Newar community, known for their unique traditions, festivals, and cuisine. The city hosts several festivals throughout the year, such as Bisket Jatra, Gai Jatra, and Indra Jatra, which are celebrated with great fervor. Bhaktapur is also famous for its traditional crafts, including pottery, wood carving, and weaving.

Practical Travel Tips

Getting Around

In Kathmandu: The city has a network of public buses, microbuses, and taxis. Rickshaws and bicycle rentals are also available for exploring the city.

In Bhaktapur: Bhaktapur is best explored on foot due to its compact size and pedestrian-friendly streets. Rickshaws and taxis are also available for getting around the city.


Both Kathmandu and Bhaktapur offer a range of accommodation options to suit different budgets and preferences. In Kathmandu, areas like Thamel and Durbar Marg have a concentration of hotels, guesthouses, and hostels. Bhaktapur has several boutique hotels, guesthouses, and homestays that provide an authentic local experience.

Local Cuisine

Nepali cuisine is diverse and flavorful, with a mix of influences from neighboring India and Tibet. Some must-try dishes include:

Dal Bhat: The staple Nepali meal consisting of rice, lentil soup, vegetables, and meat.

Momo: Nepali-style dumplings filled with meat or vegetables.

Newari Cuisine: Traditional Newari dishes such as yomari (sweet dumplings), bara (lentil pancakes), and chhoila (spicy grilled meat).

Sel Roti: A traditional Nepali sweet rice bread, often enjoyed during festivals.

Safety and Health

Health Precautions: It is advisable to drink bottled or boiled water and avoid street food that may not be hygienic. Ensure you have travel insurance that covers health emergencies.

Safety: Kathmandu and Bhaktapur are generally safe for travelers. However, it is always wise to stay aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas, and keep your belongings secure.


Kathmandu and Bhaktapur are cities steeped in history and culture, offering a unique blend of ancient traditions and modern vibrancy. From the majestic temples and palaces to the bustling markets and vibrant festivals, these cities provide an immersive experience that captivates the senses. Whether you are a history enthusiast, a culture aficionado, or a curious traveler, a visit to Kathmandu and Bhaktapur will leave you with unforgettable memories and a deeper appreciation of Nepal’s rich heritage.



Departure & Return Location




Price Includes

  • Accommodation: 2 nights in Kathmandu hotel
  • Meals: Daily breakfast
  • Transportation: Private vehicle for all transfers and sightseeing tours.
  • Guides: Experienced English-speaking tour guide.
  • Entrance Fees: All entrance fees to monuments and attractions.

Price Excludes

  • International Airfare: Flights to and from Nepal.
  • Nepal Visa
  • Travel Insurance
  • Personal expenses, Such as Lunch and dinner, drinks,, tips, and personal shopping.
This itinerary offers a balanced mix of cultural exploration, natural beauty, and relaxation, providing an immersive experience of Nepal’s vibrant heritage and stunning landscapes. For travelers looking to experience the best of both cities, a combined itinerary offers a diverse and enriching adventure. Here is a suggested itinerary that covers the highlights of Kathmandu and Pokhara.

Day 1Kathmandu Sightseeing

  • Pashupatinath Temple: Visit the sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, situated along the banks of the Bagmati River.
  • Boudhanath Stupa: Explore one of the largest stupas in Nepal, a significant site for Tibetan Buddhism.
  • Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple): Visit the ancient religious complex atop a hill, offering panoramic views of the city.
  • Kathmandu Durbar Square: Discover the historical heart of Kathmandu, with its palaces, courtyards, and temples.
  • Overnight: Stay at a hotel in Kathmandu.

Day 2Bhaktapur Sightseeing

  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square: Discover this well-preserved ancient city, with highlights including the 55-Window Palace, Vatsala Temple, and the Big Bell.  
  • Nyatapola Temple: Visit this five-story pagoda, the tallest temple in Nepal.
  • Dattatreya Square: Explore this square known for the Dattatreya Temple and Pujari Math, famous for its peacock windows.
  • Pottery Square: Watch traditional pottery making and perhaps try your hand at it.
    Return to Kathmandu: Head back to Kathmandu for the night.
Feel free to reach out if you have any other questions or need further assistance in planning your Kathmandu and Pokhara tour!

What is the best time to visit Kathmandu Bhaktapur tour?

365 days can explore these historical cites. 

How can I travel between these 2 cities?

You can travel by road about less than an hour drive between these two cities. 

What are the must-visit cultural sites in Kathmandu?

Must-visit cultural sites include Durbar Square, Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple), Pashupatinath Temple, and Boudhanath Stupa.

Are there any specific dress codes for visiting temples?

Yes, it’s recommended to dress modestly when visiting temples. Wear clothes that cover your shoulders and knees out of respect for local customs.

What kind of food can I expect?

You can enjoy a variety of cuisines, including traditional Nepali dishes, Newari cuisine, and international options. Don’t miss trying local favorites like momo (dumplings) and dal bhat (rice with lentil soup).

What is the local currency and are ATMs available?

The local currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR). ATMs are widely available in both Kathmandu and Pokhara, but it’s a good idea to carry some cash, especially when traveling to remote areas.

Is it safe to travel alone?

Both cities are generally safe for tourists. However, it’s important to stay cautious, avoid displaying valuables, and be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas.